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All Nephrology Content Filter Table
Optimized For Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad 97.8%/95.0% "kidney diseases"[mh] OR "renal replacement therapy"[mh] OR renal[tw] OR kidney*[tw] OR (nephre*[tw] OR nephri*[tw] OR nephroc*[tw] OR nephrog*[tw] OR nephrol*[tw] OR nephron*[tw] OR nephrop*[tw] OR nephros*[tw] OR nephrot*[tw]) OR proteinuria[tw]
specific/narrow 93.4%/98.5% ("renal replacement therapy"[majr] OR "kidney diseases"[majr] OR kidney*[ti] OR nephr*[ti] OR renal[ti] OR "kidney"[majr:noexp] OR "renal dialysis"[mh] OR "kidney function tests"[majr] OR "proteinuria"[majr:noexp] OR glomerul*[ti]) NOT ("kidney neoplasms"[majr] OR pyelonephritis[majr:noexp] OR "urinary tract infections"[majr] OR "nephrolithiasis"[majr])
1. Garg AX, Iansavichus AV, Wilczynski NL, Kastner M, Baier LA, Shariff SZ, Rehman F, Weir M, McKibbon KA, Haynes RB. Filtering Medline for a clinical discipline: diagnostic test assessment framework. BMJ. 2009 Sep 18;339:b3435. PubMed Full Text
Kidney Transplantation Content Filter Table
Optimized For Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad 97.5%/95.3% (((kidney*[tw] OR renal[tiab] OR nephrop*[tiab] OR organ[ti] OR nephrectom*[tiab] OR pancreas[tiab]) AND (transplant*[tw] OR donor*[tw] OR graft*[tiab] OR immunosuppress*[tw] OR allograft*[tiab] OR donat*[tiab] OR hla*[tiab] OR reperfusion[tiab])) OR "Immunosuppressive Agents"[majr:noexp] OR "Living Donors"[majr:noexp] OR organ transplant*[tw] OR "Transplantation Immunology"[majr:noexp] OR "Transplantation"[majr:noexp] OR "Transplantation, Heterologous"[majr:noexp])
specific/narrow 95.2%/98.0% ((kidney*[tw] AND (graft*[tw] OR recipient*[tiab] OR donor*[tw] OR reperfusion[tiab])) OR ((donor*[tw] OR donat*[tiab]) AND (nephrectom*[ti] OR organ[ti] OR nephrop*[ti])) OR kidney-transplant*[tw] OR renal-transplant*[tiab] OR "Organ Transplantation"[majr:noexp] OR pancreas transplant*[ti] OR "Transplantation Immunology"[majr:noexp] OR (organ[ti] AND transplant*[tiab]))
1. Lee CW, Iansavichus AV, Haynes RB, Shariff SZ, Wilczynski N, McKibbon A, Rehman F, Garg AX. Kidney transplantation search filters for PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Embase. Transplantation. 2012 Mar 15;93(5):460-6. PubMed
Glomerular Disease Content Filter Table
Optimized For Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad 96.7%/95.2% (nephropath*[tw] OR glomerulonephrit*[tw] OR proteinuri*[tw] OR nephrotic[tw] OR glomerulosclerosis[tw] OR nephrit*[tw] OR kidney biopsy[tiab] OR renal biopsy[tiab] OR albuminuri*[tw] OR glomerulopath*[tiab] OR membranoproliferative[tw] OR mesangioproliferative[tiab] OR nephrosis[tw] OR microalbuminuri*[tiab] OR diabetic kidney[tw] OR diabetic renal[tw] OR anti-glomerular[tw] OR nephrosclerosis[tiab] OR alport*[tw] OR goodpasture*[tiab] OR minimal change[tiab] OR glomerular disease*[tiab] OR anca*[tw] OR anti-neutrophil[tw] OR polyangiitis[tw] OR polyangitis[tw] OR antineutrophil[tw] OR antiglomerular[tw] OR "Kidney Glomerulus"[majr:noexp] OR "Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic"[majr:noexp] OR "Vasculitis"[majr:noexp] OR "Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch"[mh:noexp] OR "Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis"[mh] OR ((lupus[tw] OR vasculitis[tw] OR purpura[tw] OR granulomatosis[tw]) AND (glomerul*[tw] OR kidney[tw] OR renal[tw] OR nephrolog*[tw])) OR ((chronic kidney[tiab] OR chronic renal[tiab] OR "Renal Insufficiency, Chronic"[mh]) AND ("Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2"[majr:noexp] OR "Kidney Glomerulus"[mh:noexp])) OR ("Kidney Diseases"[majr] AND (biopsy[tw] OR myeloma[tiab] OR renin-angiotensin[tw] OR hiv[tiab] OR amyloid*[tw])))
specific/narrow 93.8%/98.4% (glomerulonephrit*[tw] OR nephrotic[tw] OR diabetic nephropath*[tw] OR glomerulosclerosis[tw] OR iga nephropath*[tiab] OR minimal change[tiab] OR membranoproliferative[tw] OR glomerulopath*[tiab] OR membranous nephropathy[tiab] OR antineutrophil[tw] OR nephrosis[tw] OR anca*[tw] OR diabetic kidney[tiab] OR anti-glomerular[tw] OR glomerular disease*[tiab] OR anti-neutrophil[tw] OR antiglomerular[tw] OR polyangiitis[tw] OR alport*[tw] OR mesangioproliferative[tiab] OR goodpasture*[tiab] OR immunoglobulin a nephropathy[tiab] OR "AIDS-Associated Nephropathy"[majr:noexp] OR "Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch"[majr:noexp] OR "Nephritis, Hereditary"[majr:noexp] OR "Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis"[majr] OR "Balkan Nephropathy"[majr:noexp] OR (diabet*[ti] AND nephropath*[ti]) OR ((kidney[tw] OR renal[tw] OR nephrit*[tw] OR nephrolog*[tw] OR glomerul*[tw]) AND (purpura[tw] OR lupus[tw] OR vasculitis[tw])) OR ((nephrit*[tw] OR "Renal Insufficiency, Chronic"[mh] OR chronic kidney[tiab] OR chronic renal[tiab]) AND ("Kidney Glomerulus"[mh:noexp] OR "Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2"[majr:noexp] OR microalbuminuri*[tiab] OR immunoglobulin[tiab])) OR ((proteinuri*[ti] OR "Proteinuria"[majr:noexp]) AND (hematuria[tw] OR haematuria[tiab] OR glomerulo*[tw] OR amyloid*[tw] OR albuminuri*[tiab] OR inflammation[tiab] OR myeloma[tw])) OR ((glomerulo*[tw] OR nephropath*[tiab] OR proteinuri*[ti] OR microalbuminuri*[ti] OR albuminuri*[ti]) AND ("Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2"[majr:noexp] OR "Diabetic Angiopathies"[majr] OR overt[tiab])) OR ("Kidney Diseases"[majr:noexp] AND (amyloid*[tw] OR mesangio*[tiab] OR sclerosis[tiab])))
1. Hildebrand AM, Iansavichus AV, Lee CW, Haynes RB, Wilczynski NL, McKibbon KA, Hladunewich MA, Clark WF, Cattran DC, Garg AX. Glomerular disease search filters for PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Embase: a development and validation study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2012 Jun 6;12:49. doi: 10.1186/1472-6947-12-49. PubMed Full Text
Dialysis Content Filter Table
Optimized For Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad 96.4%/95.1% (dialy*[tw] OR hemodi*[tw] OR haemodi*[tiab] OR end-stage renal[tiab] OR endstage renal[tiab] OR end-stage kidney[tiab] OR esrd[tiab] OR renal replacement[tw] OR uremia[tw] OR uraemia[tw] OR "Uremia"[majr] OR capd[tiab] OR hemofilt*[tw] OR haemofilt*[tw] OR hyperphosphataemia[tiab] OR hyperphosphatemia[tiab] OR uremic patient*[tiab] OR uraemic patient*[tiab] OR secondary hyperparathyroidism[tiab] OR renal osteodystrophy[tw] OR intradialy*[tiab] OR hyperoxaluria[tw] OR tenckhoff*[tiab] OR autosomal dominant polycystic kidney[ti] OR ccpd[tiab] OR (("Renal Insufficiency, Chronic"[majr] OR uremic[tiab] OR uraemic[tiab] OR hyperparathyroidism[tw]) AND (renal[ti] OR kidney[ti] OR ckd[ti])) OR (chronic[tw] AND (uremi*[tw] OR uraemi*[tw] OR "Kidney Diseases"[majr:noexp])) OR (("Severity of Illness Index"[mh:noexp] OR vascular[ti] OR "Anemia"[majr:noexp] OR anemi*[ti] OR anaemi*[ti] OR nephrogenic[tiab] OR amyloid*[tw] OR rhabdomyolysis[tw]) AND ("Renal Insufficiency"[mh] OR "Kidney Diseases"[majr:noexp])) OR ((erythropoietin*[tw] OR fistula*[tw] OR acidosis[tw]) AND ("Renal Insufficiency, Chronic"[mh] OR "Renal Insufficiency"[mh:noexp])) OR (("Catheters, Indwelling"[mh:noexp] OR "Catheterization,Central Venous"[mh:noexp]) AND ("Renal Insufficiency"[mh] OR heparin[tw])) OR ((kidney transplant*[tiab] OR renal transplant*[tiab]) AND (candidates[tiab] OR wait* list*[tiab])) OR (encapsulating[tiab] AND scleros*[tw]))
specific/narrow 90.1%/98.5% ("Renal Dialysis"[mh] OR hemodialy*[tiab] OR haemodialy*[tiab] OR dialy*[ti] OR peritoneal dialysis[tw] OR dialysis patient*[tiab] OR end-stage renal[ti] OR dialysis therapy[tiab] OR "Hemofiltration"[majr] OR "Renal Replacement Therapy"[majr:noexp] OR esrd[ti] OR renal replacement[ti] OR capd[tiab] OR hemofilt*[tiab] OR haemofilt*[tiab] OR uremic patient*[tiab] OR uraemic patient*[tiab] OR intradialy*[tiab] OR sevelamer[tw] OR uremia[ti] OR uraemia[ti] OR tenckhoff*[tiab] OR renal hyperparathyroidism[tiab] OR ccpd[tiab] OR nephrogenic systemic fibrosis[tiab] OR ((renal failure[tiab] OR kidney failure[tiab] OR chronic renal[tiab] OR chronic kidney[tiab] OR renal replacement[tw] OR infection*[tw] OR erythropoietin*[tw] OR fistula*[tiab] OR hyperoxaluria[tw] OR "Catheterization,Central Venous"[mh:noexp] OR "Catheters, Indwelling"[mh:noexp]) AND dialysis[tiab]) OR ("Renal Insufficiency"[mh] AND ("Catheterization,Central Venous"[mh:noexp] OR erythropoietin*[tw] OR "Catheters, Indwelling"[mh:noexp] OR anaemi*[ti] OR anemi*[ti] OR nephrogenic[tiab] OR amyloid*[tw])) OR ((chronic[tw] OR end-stage[tw]) AND (renal replacement[tiab] OR azotaemia[tiab] OR azotemia[tiab])) OR ((chronic kidney[ti] OR chronic renal[ti] OR uremi*[ti] OR uraemi*[ti] OR ckd[ti]) AND (inflammation[tiab] OR erythropoietin*[tw] OR renal osteodystrophy[tw] OR hypertrophy[tiab])) OR ((uremi*[ti] OR uraemi*[ti] OR "Uremia"[majr:noexp]) AND (calcification[tiab] OR secondary hyperparathyroidism[tiab] OR "Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary"[mh:noexp] OR pruritus[tw])) OR ((kidney transplant*[tiab] OR renal transplant*[tiab]) AND candidates[tiab]) OR (encapsulating[tiab] AND sclerosis[tw]))
1. Iansavichus AV, Haynes RB, Lee CW, Wilczynski NL, McKibbon A, Shariff SZ, Blake PG, Lindsay RM, Garg AX. Dialysis search filters for PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Embase databases. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Oct;7(10):1624-31. PubMed Full Text
AKI Content Filter Table
Optimized For Subset Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad Development 97.2%/94.8% (acute kidney[tw] OR acute renal[tw] OR acute nephr*[tw] OR acute glomer*[tw] OR acute dialysis[tw] OR acute tubul*[tw] OR "Acute Kidney Injury"[mh] OR kidney injur*[tiab] OR renal injur*[tiab] OR "Kidney Diseases/chemically induced"[mh] OR tubular injury[tiab] OR tubular necrosis*[tiab] OR tubular damage*[tiab] OR tubule damage*[tiab] OR nephrotox*[tiab] OR "Nephritis, Interstitial"[mh:noexp] OR tubulointerstitial nephritis[tiab] OR interstitial nephritis[tiab] OR kidney ischemi*[tiab] OR kidney ischaemi*[tiab] OR renal ischemi*[tiab] OR renal ischaemi*[tiab] OR induced kidney[tiab] OR induced renal[tiab] OR hemolytic uremi*[tiab] OR haemolytic uraemi*[tiab] OR "Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome"[majr:noexp] OR aki[tiab] OR oliguri*[tw] OR anuri*[tw] OR anti-glomerular[tw] OR antiglomerular[tw] OR "Kidney Cortex Necrosis"[mh:noexp] OR pre-renal[tiab] OR prerenal[tiab] OR anti-gbm[tiab] OR obstructed kidney*[tiab] OR renal obstruction[tiab] OR obstructive nephropathy[tiab] OR obstructive uropathy[tiab] OR hepatorenal syndrome[tw] OR "Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome"[majr:noexp] OR thrombotic thrombocytopeni*[tiab] OR thrombotic microangiopathy[tiab] OR "Acidosis/chemically induced"[mh] OR renal hypoperfusion[tiab] OR (worsening[tiab] AND renal[tiab]) OR improved renal function[tiab] OR (impair*[tiab] AND renal function[tiab]) OR azotemi*[tw] OR azotaemi*[tw] OR (renal[tiab] AND thrombosis[tiab]) OR (("Reperfusion Injury"[mh:noexp] OR ischemic injury[tiab] OR ischemia injury[tiab] OR ischaemic injury[tiab] OR ischaemia injury[tiab] OR ischemic reperfusion[tiab] OR ischemia reperfusion[tiab] OR ischaemic reperfusion[tiab] OR ischaemia reperfusion[tiab] OR critical care[tw] OR critically ill[tw] OR (critical*[tw] AND illness[tw]) OR sepsis[tw] or septic[tw] OR intensive care[tw] OR icu[tiab] OR tubular cell*[tiab] OR rhabdomyolysis[tw] OR thrombocytopeni*[tiab] OR life-threatening[tw] OR vasculit*[tw] OR polyarteritis[tw] OR cardiogenic shock[tiab] OR multiorgan dysfunction[tw] OR multi-organ dysfunction[tw] OR multiple organ dysfunction[tw] OR multiple organ failure[tw] OR multiorgan failure[tw] OR multi-organ failure[tw] OR polyangiitis[tw] OR (wegener*[tw] AND granulomatosis[tw]) OR "Blood Urea Nitrogen"[mh:noexp]) AND (kidney[tw] OR renal[tw] OR dialysis[tw] OR uremi*[tiab] OR uraemi*[tiab] OR dehydrat*[tw] OR creatinin*[tw])) OR (nephropath*[tw] AND (contrast medi*[tw] OR contrast induced[tw] OR contrast agent*[tw] OR radiocontrast*[tw] OR iodinated[tw] OR crystal*[tw] OR cast[tw])) OR ((glomerulonephritis[tw] OR nephrit*[tiab]) AND (crescentic[tw] OR anca*[tiab] OR rapidly progressive[tiab] OR acute[tiab])) OR (("Kidney Diseases"[mh:noexp] OR renal insufficienc*[tw] OR renal failure[tw] OR renal function[tiab] OR renal impairment[tiab] OR glomerular filtration rate[tiab] OR ischemia-reperfusion injury[tiab]) AND ("Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures"[majr] OR "Cardiovascular Diseases"[mh:noexp] OR "Cardiovascular System/surgery"[majr] OR cardiac surg*[tw] OR (cardiopulmonary[tiab]) OR "Ischemia"[mh:noexp] OR "diagnostic imaging"[majr] OR "Contrast Media"[majr:noexp] OR "chemically induced"[sh] OR revers*[tiab] OR microangiopath*[tiab] OR cirrhosis[ti] OR "Substance-Related Disorders"[mh] OR "Neurologic Manifestations"[mh] OR preoperative*[tiab] OR pre-operative*[tiab] OR postoperative*[tiab] OR post-operative*[tiab])) OR ((injury[tw] OR ischemi*[tw] OR ischaemi*[tw] OR reperfusion[tw] OR contrast medi*[tw]) AND (renal tubul*[tiab] OR tubular[tiab])))
Validation 96.1%/95.0%
specific/narrow Development 89.9%/99.5% (("Acute Kidney Injury"[mh] OR acute kidney[tiab] OR acute renal[tiab] OR acute nephr*[ti] OR acute tubular[ti] OR acute dialys*[ti] OR kidney ischemi*[ti] OR renal ischemi*[ti] OR kidney ischaemi*[ti] OR renal ischaemi*[ti] OR induced kidney injury[tiab] OR induced renal injury[tiab] OR acute nephr*[tiab] OR pre-renal[tiab] OR prerenal[tiab] OR "Nephritis,Interstitial/chemically induced"[majr:noexp] OR "Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome"[majr:noexp] OR "Oliguria"[mh:noexp] OR ((crescent*[ti] OR progressive[ti] OR anca*[ti] OR acute[ti]) AND (glomerul*[ti] OR nephrit*[ti])) OR ((arf[tiab] OR aki[tiab]) AND (renal[tiab] OR kidney[tiab])) OR (nephropath*[tw] AND (contrast medi*[tw] OR contrast induced[tw] OR contrast agent*[tw] OR radiocontrast*[tw] OR iodinated[tw] OR crystal*[tw] OR cast[tw])) OR ((nephrotox*[ti] OR (renal[ti] AND toxi*[ti]) OR renal tubul*[ti]) AND ("chemically induced"[sh] OR contrast medi*[tiab] OR induced[tw])) OR ((kidney ischemi*[tiab] OR renal ischemi*[tiab] OR kidney ischaemi*[tiab] OR renal ischaemi*[tiab] OR "Kidney Tubules, Proximal"[mh:noexp] OR uremi*[ti] OR uraemi*[ti] OR renal inflammation[tiab]) AND ("Reperfusion Injury"[majr:noexp] OR ischaemic reperfusion[tiab] OR ischemic reperfusion[tiab] OR ischaemia reperfusion[tiab] OR ischemia reperfusion[tiab] OR injury[ti] OR acute[tiab])) OR ((hemolytic uremi*[ti] OR haemolytic uraemi*[ti] OR thrombotic thrombocytopeni*[tiab] OR thrombotic microangiopathy[tiab]) AND (kidney[tw] OR renal[tw] OR acute[tw])) OR ((induced kidney[tiab] OR induced renal[tiab]) AND (nephrotox*[tw] OR contrast medi*[tw] OR reperfusion[tw] OR perfusion[tw])) OR (((tubulointerstitial[ti] OR interstitial[ti] OR anti-glomerular[ti] OR antiglomerular[ti]) AND (glomerul*[ti] OR nephrit*[ti])) AND (acute[tw] OR crescentic[tw] OR atypical[tw] OR progressive[tw])) OR ((intensive care[tw] OR "Neurologic Manifestations"[majr] OR "Substance-Related Disorders"[majr] OR cardiac surg*[tw]) AND renal failure[tiab]) OR ((acute[tiab] OR nephrotox*[tiab] OR toxicity[tiab] OR ureteral obstruction[tw]) AND (kidney injur*[tiab] OR renal injur*[tiab]))) NOT (allograft*[ti] OR glomerulosclerosis[ti]))
Validation 82.5%/99.1%
1. Hildebrand AM, Iansavichus AV, Haynes RB, Wilczynski NL, Mehta RL, Parikh CR, Garg AX. High-performance information search filters for acute kidney injury content in PubMed, Ovid Medline and Embase. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2014 Apr;29(4):823-32. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gft531. PubMed
CKD Content Filter Table
Optimized For Sensitivity/Specificity Search Filter
sensitive/broad 98.4%/89.7% (chronic kidney[tw] OR chronic renal[tw] OR chronic glomerul*[tw] OR chronic nephro*[tw] OR progressive kidney[tw] OR progressive glomerul*[tw] OR progressive nephro*[tw] OR diabetic kidney[tw] OR diabetic renal[tw] OR diabetic glomerul*[tw] OR dialy*[tw] OR hemodia*[tw] OR haemodia*[tw] OR ckd[tw] OR esrd[tw] OR ((diabet*[tw] OR "Disease Progression"[mh:noexp] OR "Recurrence"[mh:noexp]) AND nephropath*[tw]) OR uremi*[tw] OR uraemi*[tw] OR proteinuri*[tw] OR nephrosclerosis[tw] OR glomerulosclerosis[tw] OR glomerular sclerosis[tw] OR "Glomerular Filtration Rate"[majr:noexp] OR microalbuminuri*[tw] OR macroalbuminuri*[tw] OR albuminuri*[tw] OR calciphylaxis[tw] OR secondary hyperparathyroidism[tw] OR "Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary"[mh:noexp] OR tubulointerstitial fibrosis[tw] OR interstitial fibrosis[tw] OR renal fibrosis[tw] OR kidney fibrosis[tw] OR hyperphosphatemia[tw] OR hyperphosphataemia[tw] OR vascular calcification*[tw] OR alport*[tw] OR denys-drash[tw] OR glomerulopathy[tw] OR hypoalbuminemi*[tw] OR hypoalbuminaemi*[tw] OR multicystic kidney*[tw] OR polycystic kidney*[tw] OR cystic kidney*[tw] OR tenckhoff[tiab] OR kidney disease*[tw] OR kidney failur*[tw] OR kidney function*[tw] OR kidney insufficienc*[tw] OR kidney disorder*[tw] OR kidney dysfunction[tw] OR renal replacement[tw] OR renal disease*[tw] OR renal failur*[tw] OR renal function*[tw] OR renal insufficienc*[tw] OR renal disorder*[tw] OR renal dysfunction[tw] OR ((kidney[tw] OR renal[tw]) AND (ckf[tw] OR crd[tw] OR crf[tw] OR eskd[tw] OR eskf[tw] OR esrf[tw] OR hyperparathyroidism[tw] OR end-stage[tw] OR endstage[tw] OR eGFR[tiab])) OR ((kidney transplant*[tiab] OR renal transplant*[tiab]) AND (candidates[tiab] OR wait list*[tiab] OR waiting list*[tiab])) OR ((ureteral obstruction[tw] OR nephritis OR glomerulonephritis OR nephrop* OR (obstruct*[tiab] AND (kidney*[tiab] OR renal[tiab] OR nephropathy[tiab]))) AND (sclerosi*[tw] OR fibrosi*[tw] OR fibrotic[tw])))
specific/narrow 87.2%/97.8% (("Renal Insufficiency, Chronic"[majr] OR chronic kidney[tiab] OR diabetic kidney[tiab] OR advanced kidney[tiab] OR end stage renal[ti] OR endstage renal[ti] OR end stage kidney[ti] OR dialysis patient*[tw] OR hemodialysis patient*[tw] OR haemodialysis patient*[tw] OR uremic patient*[tw] OR uraemic patient*[tw] OR kidney disease[ti] OR renal disease[ti] OR kidney insufficiency[ti] OR renal insufficiency[ti] OR hemodia*[ti] OR haemodia*[ti] OR dialy*[ti] OR ckd[tiab] OR chronic kidney[ti] OR chronic renal[ti] OR progressive kidney[ti] OR progressive uremi*[ti] OR progressive uraemi*[ti] OR (chronic*[ti] AND (uremi*[ti] OR uraemi*[ti])) OR "Diabetic Nephropathies"[majr:noexp] OR "Peritoneal Dialysis"[mh] OR nephrosclerosis[ti] OR glomerulosclerosis[ti] OR glomerular sclerosis[ti] OR macroalbuminuri*[tiab] OR "Renal Osteodystrophy"[majr:noexp] OR kidney fibrosis[ti] OR renal fibrosis[ti] OR interstitial fibrosis[ti] OR calciphylaxis[tiab] OR "Denys-Drash Syndrome"[mh:noexp] OR renal hyperparathyroidism[tiab] OR polycystic kidney*[ti] OR ((kidney[tw] OR renal[tw]) AND (ckf[tw] OR crd[tw] OR crf[tw] OR eskd[tw] OR eskf[tw] OR esrf[tw] OR esrd[tw])) OR ((chronic*[tw] OR severe[tw] OR catheter*[tw] OR pd[tw] OR capd[tw] OR hd[tw]) AND (dialy*[tw] OR hemodialy*[tw] OR haemodialy*[tw] OR renal replacement[tw] OR azotemia[tw] OR azotaemia[tw])) OR (("Kidney Diseases"[majr] OR kidney disease[tw] OR renal disease[tw] OR dialy*[tw] OR uremi*[tw] OR uraemi*[tw]) AND (calcification[tiab] OR hyperparathyroidism[tw] OR left ventricular hypertrophy[tw] OR "Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular"[mh:noexp] OR hypercalcemia[tw] OR hypercalcaemia[tw])) OR (("Disease Progression"[mh:noexp] OR "Chronic Disease"[mh:noexp] OR kidney function[ti] OR renal function[ti] OR proteinuri* [ti]) AND ("Kidney Diseases"[majr:noexp] OR "Renal Insufficiency"[majr:noexp] OR "Renal Artery Obstruction"[majr:noexp])) OR ((diabet*[ti] OR "Disease Progression"[mh:noexp]) AND (nephropath*[ti] OR microalbuminuri*[ti] OR macroalbuminuri*[ti] OR albuminuri*[ti]))) NOT allograft*[ti])
1. Iansavichus AV, Hildebrand AM, Haynes RB, Wilczynski NL, Levin A, Hemmelgarn BR, Tu K, Nesrallah GE, Nash DM, Garg AX. High-Performance Information Search Filters for CKD Content in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and EMBASE. Am J Kidney Dis. 2014 Jul 21. pii: S0272-6386(14)00964-0. PubMed